Public Investment in Education: An Appraisal of SDG 4 in Pakistan

Sustainable development goals were adopted by the Parliament of Pakistan in 2016 and eventually embedded in the Pakistan Vision 2025. A national framework was then developed in 2018 for the implementation of these goals. However, budgetary documents, PC-1s and the provincial sector plans for education reflect no synergy with the sustainable development goals. The unanticipated pandemic on top of that have further deteriorated the little progress in this regard. This white paper prepared by one of our member organizations Pakistan Youth Change Advocates (PYCA) is an effort to assist the government to “identify and correct its structural lacunas, finally align its investment priorities under education with SDG4 and march its way to the finish line”. It also offers a set of recommendations that are necessary to propel the country to meet the 2030 Agenda.

Full Force – Malala Fund

We all know that technology is transforming the way we live, learn and earn. This makes it even harder for girls to compete in a rapidly changing labour market. It’s vital that we prepare girls today for tomorrow’s jobs. But right now almost one billion girls aren’t able to learn the skills they need to succeed. Malala Fund launched Full Force, a report that makes the economic case for investment in girls’ education and calls on leaders from G20 countries to take action.

UNESCO – Global Education Monitoring Report 2017-2018

In 2017, the second report in the Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Report series continues its assessment of progress towards the Sustainable Development Goal on education (SDG4) and its 10 targets, as well as other related education targets in the SDG agenda. It also investigates accountability in education, analyzing how all relevant stakeholders can provide education more effectively, efficiently and equitably. The report examines different accountability mechanisms that are used to hold governments, schools, teachers, parents, the international community, and the private sector accountable for inclusive, equitable and quality education. By analyzing which policies make accountability work or fail, and which external factors impact on their success, the 2017/8 GEM Report concludes with concrete recommendations that will help build stronger education systems.


Alif Ailaan – District Education Ranking 2017

The fifth annual District Education Rankings by the Alif Ailaan education campaign was launched in December 2017. The rankings use official government data from across the country, along with data from the State of Education (ASER) survey, to assess the performance of districts in education. To read more about where each province and district ranks in education performance, follow the link below.

National Education Management Information System – Pakistan Education Statistics 2015‐16

The Pakistan Education Statistics Report 2015‐16 is comprised of two sections. Section 1 focuses on the analytical aspects through trend analysis as well as measuring the effectiveness of the education system in the country whereas section 2 focuses on education data pertaining to all to all categories of education institutions of both public and private sectors from pre‐ primary to tertiary levels. Also included is the data in respect of vocational, technical, teacher‐training institutions, non-formal basic education and Deeni Madaris working under both private and public sectors of education. To read the full report, please follow the link below.

UNESCO – Overview of the role of private providers in education in light of the existing international legal framework

The privatization of education occupies an increasingly large place in the educational debate. Many concerns have emerged with the rapid expansion of the process of privatization since the last decade, especially for developing countries where the public system is often overwhelmed and may be unable to cope with rapidly rising demand. International law, which is only binding for states, does not explicitly refer to privatization or commercialization; therefore, legal issues arise from these problematic. This report intends to clarify these issues by briefly recalling the nature of states’ obligations regarding the right to education (I); by presenting private education (II); by underlining the new challenges to the right to education in regard to private providers (III); by pointing out the reported positive and negative impacts on education (IV) and, finally, by suggesting legal solutions to avoid violations of the right to education (V). To read the full report, please follow the link below.

National Education Policy 2017 – Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training

National and international developments in education have created conditions for revision of National Education Policy 2009. Since devolution of social sector, ministries including Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training under 18th amendment; insertion of article 25(a) in the constitution under which free and compulsory education of all the children aged 5-16 (up to matric) became a fundamental right and the state responsibility; and replacement of Education For All (EFA) and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that have been adopted by Pakistan. The new National Education Policy 2017 has been designed in the perspective of 18th Amendment in Constitution of Pakistan modern trends in education and emerging requirements of society in terms of national integrity and social cohesion. To read the fully policy, please follow the link below.


UNESCO – Girls’ and Women’s Right to Education

UNESCO organizes periodic consultations to monitor the implementation of the Convention and Recommendation against Discrimination in Education. The Eighth Consultation of Member States, covering the period from 2006 to 2011, has been completed and the results of the Consultation were presented to UNESCO’s Governing Bodies in September and November 2013. National reports submitted for this purpose show that many States have reinforced their legal frameworks to ensure gender equality and equity, and have adopted measures to make their education systems more inclusive of girls and women. This document compiles the explicit references to girls’ and women’s right to education in national reports and is intended to serve as a practical tool for both advocacy and monitoring. To read the full report, please follow the link below.